There are two suspension components on our motorcycles: one is located on the front wheel, usually called the front fork; the other is located on the rear wheel, usually called the rear shock.
Like a car, suspension has two most important functions that are well known to us: it absorbs the vibration of the body caused by uneven ground, making the entire ride more comfortable; at the same time, it keeps the tires in contact with the ground to ensure the power output of the tires to the ground. .
But unlike the car, the suspension setting of the motorcycle will greatly affect the handling and cornering stability of the motorcycle. Of course, the car suspension settings will also have an impact on the handling, but we generally do not require too much on the performance of the family car, as long as it is comfortable enough.
Suspension is generally composed of two parts: spring and damper.
The spring is the main body of the suspension. This kind of spring is very similar to the spring in the ball pen we usually use, but it is much stronger. The spring absorbs the impact of the ground through tension and at the same time ensures the contact between the tire and the ground; the damper is a device used to control the tension and rebound force of the spring. The damper is like a pump filled with oil. The speed at which the air pump moves up and down depends on the size of the oil supply hole and the viscosity of the oil. All cars have springs and dampers. On the front fork, the spring is hidden inside; while on the rear shock absorber, the spring is exposed to the outside. The suspension on the front and rear wheels works separately, and can respond separately according to the road surface and riding style.
Preparations for adjusting the suspension:Find the original user manual. This booklet includes: 1. What you can adjust; 2. Where are the screws and knobs for adjusting the front and rear suspension in the car; 3. The suspension settings recommended by the manufacturer are very useful information.
According to different models, we can usually adjust all or several of the following aspects:
1 Preload: spring tension based on weight
2 Damping: the speed at which the spring contracts and rebounds back to its original state
2.1 Compression ratio: a deeper level of damping control, mainly controlling the speed of spring contraction
2.2 Rebound ratio: a deeper level of damping control, which mainly controls the speed at which the spring returns to normal from the compressed state
Generally speaking, for economic benefits, manufacturers will strive to have good maneuverability in their cars. Therefore, the original suspension settings are generally not bad. Compare your car's current settings with the original factory settings. If there is a difference between the two and you think your car's handling can be improved, please try the original factory settings.
Before you try to adjust and set the suspension settings that suit you yourself, you must make sure that when you mess up the entire setting, you can still adjust it back to the original factory settings or your previous settings. Before you fully understand the meaning and method of today's article, don't try to set the suspension behavior yourself. Please understand that this article is only used to expand the knowledge reserve, and the specific operation still needs to be explored by yourself.
Adjusting the suspension is a relatively simple modification that can greatly increase the handling of the vehicle. You don't need to spend thousands to buy those modified parts that look beautiful, but are really just to make your car look beautiful, you can get real handling, why not do it.